The “future spot price” is the exchange rate, which should be in place at some point in the future, which is based on estimates. A term rate is the current exchange rate that has been frozen to take effect on a future date. If you use a spot contract to settle this particular bill, then face the grace of the monetary gods (who don`t always smile nicely). The rate at which you enter into the spot contract could change significantly over the three months, which means that the price you paid for the merchandise is much higher than it would otherwise have been. Although SPOT FX transactions still have a billing date, most are not physically charged. Traders generally want to benefit from exchange rate differences in their transactions instead of acquiring large amounts of currency. So many merchants simply “roll over” transactions on the billing date. They close the transaction at the closing price and re-open it at the opening of the next day, thus extending the billing date by one day. The difference between closing and opening prices is considered a profit or a loss. Many brokers do this automatically for their business and individual clients.3 Tenors refer to the duration of the common standard contract for forward trades. Fixed FX tenors are: pre-spot (“short-dated” forwards): – TOD – Today – TOM – Tomorrow Post Spot: – SN – Spot Next (1 day for Spot) – 1 WEEK, 2 WEEK, 3 WEEK – Number of weeks after the spot date – 1 month, 2 months, etc. – Number of months after the spot date – 1 AN, 2 YEAR, 5 YEARS – Number of years after the date of the spot When the date of an exchange for the market holidays for the two currencies of the pair , the date will usually be set for the next one The business day has been postponed. The spot-FX market is complex and the distinction between spot transactions, futures and swaps can be blurred.
For international companies that manage multiple currencies, time-to-settlement settlement in FX spot trading can be an important factor in cash flow and fx risk management, especially when the exchange rate is volatile. An FX swap is two agreements to exchange a currency pair with two different value data in opposite directions. These agreements are called swap “legs.” The old leg is called “close leg,” and the latter is the “distant leg.” For example, a swap contract can be created to buy the currency on the date of the spot and sell the same amount in 1 month. Typically, part of a swap is a cash transaction, in which case the swap is essentially the futures component of a futures contract. However, it is also possible to perform a swap where both legs are forward. Swaps are often used to allow the billing date of a futures contract later (“rolled forward”) or earlier in time using a leg to terminate an existing futures contract. A cash contract is an agreement between you and your foreign exchange provider to purchase foreign currency at the current exchange rate. This is the most common and traditional form of currency exchange and is suitable for any future currency transfer needs you may have. The term “spot” for an FX transaction means “on-the-spot.” In common parlion, the term means to find something immediately.